Translational control is a major contributor to hypoxia induced gene expression
Twan van den Beucken, Michael G. Magagnin, Barry Jutten, Renaud Seigneuric, Philippe Lambin, Marianne Koritzinsky and Bradly G. Wouters ,
28 June 2011
Background and purpose
Hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors that is associated with an aggressive phenotype, resistance to therapy and poor prognosis. Major contributors to these adverse effects are the transcriptional program activated by the HIF family of transcription factors as well as the translational response mediated by PERK-dependent phosphorylation of eIF2α and inhibition of mTORC1 activity. In this study we determined the relative contribution of both transcriptional and translational responses to changes in hypoxia induced gene expression.
Material and methods
Total and efficiently translated (polysomal) mRNA was isolated from DU145 prostate carcinoma cells that were exposed for up to 24 h of hypoxia (<0.02% O2). Changes in transcription and translation were assessed using affymetrix microarray technology.
Our data reveal an unexpectedly large contribution of translation control on both induced and repressed gene expression at all hypoxic time points, particularly during acute hypoxia (2–4 h). Gene ontology analysis revealed that gene classes like transcription and signal transduction are stimulated by translational control whereas expression of genes involved in cell growth and protein metabolism are repressed during hypoxic conditions by translational control.
Our data indicate that translation influences gene expression during hypoxia on a scale comparable to that of transcription.
Keywords: Hypoxia; Translation; Gene expression; HIF; UPR